Lawmaking powers are vested chiefly in elected officials in the legislative branch.
Governmental power has been divided into three wings namely the legislature, the executive and the judiciary.
A statute begins as a bill proposed or sponsored by a legislator.
If the bill survives the legislative committee process and is approved by both houses of the legislature, the bill becomes law when it is signed by the executive officer (the president on the federal level or the governor on the state level).
It is extremely important and infact necessary also that the Courts interpret the law in such a manner that ensures ‘access to justice’ to the maximum.
For this purpose, the concept of ‘Canons of Interpretation’ has been expounded.
These amending documents make changes to existing laws.