UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content.Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States. Marriage Practices A paper published in Challenge, a journal of research on African American men published by Morehouse College in Atlanta (Morehouse College n.d.), by Tshilemalema Mukenge, a former professor in the Department of African Studies at Morris Brown College in Atlanta, is the source of the information in this paragraph.Additional or corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. The report also indicates that the province has only one appeal court, two superior courts (tribunaux de grande instance), and three magistrate's courts (tribunaux de paix) (ibid., 105). A report produced by the National Network of Congolese Human Rights NGOs (Réseau national des ONGs des droits de l'homme de la République démocratique du Congo, RENADHOC), an organization that monitors and advocates for human rights in the country and acts as the spokesperson for Congolese human-rights NGOs (RENADHOC n.d.), indicates that, in the province of West Kasaï, laws are not respected, and early marriage, rape and sexual violence are common (ibid. The report notes that these courts are located [translation] "very far away" from some parts of the province, and they are not able to "effectively" cover the province (ibid.).
They also communicate her engagement to the entire neighbourhood so other men do not consider her for marriage (ibid.).
The Luba are both patrilineal, in that descent, the inheritance of property rights, and the acquisition of citizenship are determined through the father's line, and "patrilocal," in that a man and his wife settle among the members of the husband's paternal lineage.
The Luba practice polygamy, and "the first wife occupies a position of pre-eminence in respect to her co-wives" (Mukenge spring 2010, 21, 22, 26).
The family occupies a "central place" in the personal life of each Luba, and in the social, economic and political organization of its society.
The family is a source of legitimacy, social recognition, status, acceptability, and identity, and determines an individual's rights and privileges in society.
2.2 Levirate and Sororate Sources indicate that the Luba practice levirate (Les anges du ciel 26 Apr. 2014; Mukenge spring 2010, 22) as well as sororate (ibid.).