Green Dot is a bystander-based prevention program designed to increase positive bystander behavior, change social norms, and reduce sexual and other forms of interpersonal violence perpetration and victimization.
The program consists of a 5-hour training in bystander behavior for peer opinion leaders and campus/school-wide “persuasive speeches” to educate and engage the population.
The solutions, however, are just as complex as the problem.
Prevention efforts should ultimately decrease the number of individuals who perpetrate sexual violence and the number of individuals who are victims.
Green Dot was designed for college populations but has been adapted for high school, community, and military populations.
A study found that Green Dot was associated with reductions in unwanted sexual victimization and sexual harassment, stalking, and dating violence victimization and perpetration on a college campus implementing the program compared to two comparison campuses without the intervention.
In addition, comprehensive prevention strategies should address factors at each of the levels that influence sexual violence—individual, relationship, community, and society.
Skills are provided to help when participants see behavior that puts others at risk.
Skills include speaking out against rape myths and sexist language, supporting victims, and intervening in potentially violent situations.
Few programs, to date, have been shown to prevent sexual violence perpetration.
A systematic review conducted by CDC’s Injury Center, and updated by an ongoing review of newer evidence, has identified only three programs to date that have been shown to be Safe Dates is designed to prevent the initiation of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse in adolescent dating relationships.
The goals of this program include the following: Shifting Boundaries is a six-session classroom course with a school-wide program that involves revising school rules regarding dating violence and sexual harassment, temporary school-based restraining orders, posters to increase awareness and reporting, and student ‘hot spot’ maps of unsafe school areas to determine the placement of faculty or school security for greater surveillance.