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The great Jewish historian, Josephus, who lived during the end of the Second Temple period, gives detailed descriptions of both Herod's construction and the layout of the Temple compound (see "Antiquities" ch. It is possible that the Jews tried to rebuild the Temple at later periods, but they were never successful, and for over 600 years the site of the Temple Mount lay in ruins.

The only remains are the massive retaining walls that encompass Mount Moriah, built by Herod to support the platform on which the Temple stood.

Jewish tradition also maintains that in the End of Days, during the Messianic Era, a third and final Temple will be built on Mount Moriah.

It is often erroneously stated that the holiest site in the world to Jews is the Western Wall. The holiest spot for Jews is Mount Moriah itself, behind the Wall.

Later patriarchal stories in Genesis are also connected with the site: We see from here that for thousands of years, the Jewish people have always associated Mount Moriah as the place where God's presence can be felt more intensely than any other place on earth.

That is why, for the Jewish people, the Temple Mount is the single holiest place.

The earliest mention of the site is Genesis , when Abraham interacts with Malchizedek, King of Shalem.10) describes how Adoni-Tzedek, the Canaanite king of Jerusalem, wages war against the Jews.During the approximately 400-year period from the entrance of the Jewish people into the land, through the period of the Judges, Jerusalem remained a non-Jewish city. 1,000 BCE) that Jerusalem was captured from the Canaanites (2-Samuel 5) and converted into the political/spiritual capital of the Jewish people.During both the First and Second Temple periods, the Temple was the central focus of the Jewish world both in Israel and the diaspora. The Kohanim (priests) and Levites served in the Temple, and three times a year ― during the holidays of Passover, Sukkot and Shavuot ― all Jews were commanded to come to Jerusalem and visit the Temple.This rebuilt temple is known as the Second Temple (Bayit Sheni).According to Jewish tradition the story of the Binding of Isaac (Genesis 22:1-19) also takes place in the "land of Moriah" on the site of the present-day Temple Mount.

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